Difference between Aerobic and Anaerobic Respiration in Tabular Form

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Here in this post, you will find the difference between Aerobic and Anaerobic Respiration with suitable biochemical equations in tabular form. We had tried to publish it in simple language so as to let the students understand it easily.

Table of Content

1. Why Respiration is important for plants as well as organisms?

2. What is Respiration?

3. Explain various types of Respiration?

4. What are the differences between Aerobic and Anaerobic Respiration?

1. Why Respiration is important for plants as well as organisms?

Answer: As we all know that all plants as well as organisms on this earth are made up of small microscopic units known as cells. Each cell has its own roles and responsibilities to perform which involves nutrition, digestion, transportation, excretion, etc. In order to perform these actions, each cell requires energy. To fulfill these energy requirements of cells, respiration is important.

2. What is Respiration?

Answer: The process of break down of food (glucose) in cells with the release of energy is termed as Respiration. As it's occurring inside each cell, sometimes it is also termed as cellular respiration.

3. Explain various types of Respiration?

Answer: Mainly Respiration is classified into two types namely, aerobic respiration and anaerobic respiration.

Aerobic Respiration: When the break down of food (glucose) occurs in the presence of oxygen, it is termed as Aerobic Respiration.

Glucose ( in presence of oxygen ) → Carbon Dioxide + Water + Energy

Anaerobic Respiration: When the break down of food (glucose) occurs in the absence of oxygen, it is termed as Anaerobic Respiration.

Glucose ( in absence of oxygen ) → Carbon Dioxide + Alcohol + Energy

Note: There are some organisms that do not require oxygen to survive. These organisms are known as Anaerobes and they are only dependent on Anaerobic Respiration in order to break down food (Glucose) and get energy. Example: Yeasts.

4. What are the differences between Aerobic and Anaerobic Respiration?

Aerobic Respiration

Anaerobic Respiration

1. Definition: It is the process of breakdown of food in the presence of oxygen.

1. Definition: It is the process of breakdown of food in the absence of oxygen.

2. Oxygen is required.

2. Oxygen is not required.

3. A complete breakdown of food occurs.

3. Partial or Incomplete breakdown of food occurs.

4. Glucose is completely oxidized.

4. Glucose is partially oxidized.

5. The end products are Carbon Dioxide (CO2), Water (H2O), and energy.

5. The end products are ethyl alcohol or lactic acid, Carbon Dioxide (CO2) and energy.

6. It produces a large amount of energy due to complete oxidation of food

6. It produces comparatively a very less amount of energy due to incomplete oxidation of food

7. Occurs in both cytoplasm and mitochondria.

7. This occurs only in the cytoplasm.


8. Biochemical Equation for Aerobic Respiration: C6H12O6 + 6O2 6CO2 + 6H20 + Energy


8. Biochemical Equation for Aerobic Respiration: C6H12O6  6CO2 + 6H20 + Energy

9. Occurs in most of the plants and animals including human.

9. This occurs in anaerobic bacteria, yeast and some parasitic worm.

10. It is a slow process.

10. It is a fast process.


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